OFFICE PROFILE OF TENGNOUPAL FOREST DIVISION, CHANDEL

 

Tengnoupal Forest Division, (Chandel District) is situated on the south-eastern part of Manipur State within 930 44/ 37.61// E to 940 24/ 28.11// E longitude and 230 49/ 58.42//N to 240 38/ 49.81//N latitude. It is one of the border districts of the State of Manipur. It is bounded on the north by Eastern Forest Division, Ukhrul District, on the west by Thoubal Forest Division, Thoubal District and Southern Forest Division, Churachandpur District, on the south by Chin Hills (upper Chindwin areas) of Mizoram and Myanmar and on the east by Sagaing Region of Myanmar (erstwhile Burma). Chandel, the district HQ is about 64 km away by road towards the south-east of State capital Imphal. The National Highway No.39 (now renamed as NH-102) passes through this district from mainland and ends at the border town of Moreh.

 

The Division has 4 (four) ranges namely, Chandel, Chakpikarong, Moreh and Tengnoupal.

 

SlNo

Range

Block

Compartment

Area (in ha)

1

Chakpikarong

Aibul joupi

36

18141.15

2

Chakpikarong

Hangshi

24

12298.39

3

Chakpikarong

RF

36

14186.00

4

Chakpikarong

Tuikong

36

14164.39

5

Chakpikarong

Yangdung

52

15951.29

 

 

Subtotal

184

74741.22

6

Chandel

Charangching

42

16169.20

7

Chandel

Lamkang

77

20126.25

8

Chandel

Larong

57

16042.19

9

Chandel

Phairen

40

13641.16

 

 

Subtotal

216

65978.80

10

Moreh

Gamphazol

25

14383.66

11

Moreh

Lamphei

54

27548.49

12

Moreh

Maojang

37

13019.81

13

Moreh

Molcham

42

18459.51

 

 

Subtotal

158

73411.47

14

Tengnoupal

Biyang

52

19543.13

15

Tengnoupal

Kharou

25

11757.36

16

Tengnoupal

Khongkhang

64

14745.93

17

Tengnoupal

Khudei

54

20006.52

18

Tengnoupal

Tonghlang

37

15911.19

 

 

Subtotal

232

81964.13

 

 

Total

790

296095.62

 

            According to Champion and Seth’s classification, the forest types of the Tengnoupal Forest Division (Chandel district) may be categorized as:

 

            (a).  Cachar tropical semi-evergreen forest (2B/C2),

            (b).  East Himalayan subtropical wet hill forest (8B/C1),

            (c).  Khasi subtropical wet hill forest - (8B/C2) and

            (d).   Buk oak forest - (11B/C1b).

           

Dense forest areas with good Growing Stocks are mostly limited to inaccessible areas, steep slopes and particularly in and around the rivers, nallahs/streams where road connectivity almost absent.

 

The climatic conditions like temperature, rainfall and topographical features like slope and elevation have also apparently been the contributing factors to the composition of species. There are dominant and co-dominant trees like Tectona grandis (Teak), Dipterocarpus spp., Albizzia spp., Michelia champaca, Gmelina arborea, Bombax ceiba,  Terminalia spp., Sterculia urens, Ficus spp., Toona ciliata (Tairel), Cordia dichotoma (Lamuk), Quercus spp. (Uyung), Alnus spp. (Pareng), Canarium resiniferum (Mekruk) to mention a few. The dominant and co-dominant trees are accompanied by thickets and climbers.

 

2.1 Recorded Forest Area

The recorded forest area of Tengnoupal Forest Division has been detailed in the following table:

SL. NO.

LEGAL STATUS

AREA IN HA.

NOTIFIED

ASSESSED

TOTAL

1

Reserved Forest

 

 

 

 

a). Yangenching

3256

 

3256

 

b). Kangvung

6734

 

6734

 

c). Longya

4196

 

4196

 

Sub-Total:-

14186

 

14186

 

 

 

 

 

2

Proposed R.F.

 

 

 

 

a). Lamdang

 

10182

10182

 

b). Chandel

 

9964

9964

 

c). BB Teak Forest

 

44321

44321

 

Sub-Total:-

 

64467

64467

 

 

 

 

 

3

Protected Forest

 

 

 

 

a). Kakching Khunou Mamangching

 

2848

2848

 

Sub-Total:-

 

2848

2848

 

 

 

 

 

4

Unclassed State Forest

 

229119

229119

 

Sub-Total:-

 

229119

229119

 

TOTAL:-

14186

296434

310620

 

 

 

 

 

5

Any other category:

 

 

 

 

a)* YLWL Sanctuary

18480

 

18480

 

Sub-Total:-

18480

 

18480

 

GRAND TOTAL:-

32666

296434

329100

* Wildlife area

 

 

 

 

Forest Cover

As per the assessment of the Forest Survey of India, Dehradun in its state of Forest Report, 2013 the area under forest under Chandel District is 2789 sq km   in which the forest area under Moderately Dense Forest is 734 sq km and that under Open forest is 2,055 sq km   making the percentage forest cover of Chandel District to 84.18 %.  Very Dense category of forest is no longer available in Chandel District (FSI, 2013). Again as per assessment done by Forest Department, Government of Manipur while reviewing the Working of this Forest Division during the year 2014-15, the forest cover of Tengnoupal Forest Division is assessed to be 296095 ha. The breakup of forest area of Tengnoupal Forest Division in terms of Dense and Open categories is given below:

 

Table showing area under Dense and Open Forest of Tengnoupal Forest Division:

Sl. No

Range

Forest Area (Ha)

Dense Forest (Ha)

Open Forest (Ha)

1

Chakpikarong

74741.23

28582.16

38779.57

2

Chandel

65978.8

16945.96

39882.76

3

Moreh

73411.47

13013.66

56661.13

4

Tengnoupal

81964.12

14184.16

52062.77

 

Total

296095.62

72725.94

187386.23

 

 

Work Programme during 2015 and 2016

I.       Green India Mission       -           The National Mission for Green India (GIM) is one of the eight Missions outlined under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures. It envisages a holistic view of greening and focuses on multiple ecosystem services, especially, biodiversity, water, biomass, preserving mangroves, wetlands, critical habitats etc. along with carbon sequestration as a co-benefit. While the National Mission on Green India, when implemented in this Forest Division, will endeavour to cover the vast and extended area of the Forest Division as shown above, selection of landscapes to be treated in the initial stages have been based on prioritization by taking certain parameters into consideration. The parameters are (a) Biodiversity Richness (2) Forest Fragmentation (3) Forest Cover and percentage of Open Forest (4) Forest Type (5) Poverty level/Percentage of BPL (6) Forest Dependence (7) Vulnerability to Climate Change and Special Habitats (8) Urban/Peri urban areas. two L2 landscapes namely (1) the chakpi and (2) the Heirok landscapes have been selected based on the scores of the above parameters.

 

Village-wise programme for Mission Activities (1st years) of Chakpi in Tengnoupal Forest Division, Chandel 2015-16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub Mission

Component

Annual Activity

Aihang

Leingangching

Khunuching

Chayang khunou

Tonsen

Thamnapokpi

Total

Phy (in ha)

Phy (in ha)

Phy (in ha)

Phy (in ha)

Phy (in ha)

Phy (in ha)

Phy (in ha)

Sub-Mission 1: Enhancing quality of forest cover ad improving ecosystem services

a) Moderately Dense Forest, but showing degradation

Nursery & Advance work

20

 

 

 

16

 

36

b) Eco restoration of degraded open forests Type A

Nursery & Advance work

 

22

25

 

 

 

47

Type B

Nursery & Advance work

 

 

 

20

 

15

35

Type C

Nursery & Advance work

10

 

 

 

15

 

25

Sub-Mission  2: Ecosystem restoration and increase in forest cover

Shifting Cultivation

Nursery & Advance work

45

30

30

30

45

11

191

Sub Total

75

52

55

50

76

26

334

C. Participatory Microplanning (SS)

PRA exercise in each of the above village

 

Village-wise programme for Mission Activities (1st years) of Heirok in Tengnoupal Forest Division, Chandel (2015-16)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub Mission

Component

Annual Activity

Bethel happyland

Chandrapoto

Chothe lungleh

Lamkang Khunkha

Lamkang Khunkha

Lirungtabi

Litan

New Wagparal

Purum Chungbam

Purum Khullen

Salemther

Ziontlang

Total

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

Phy

SM 1

a) Moderately Dense Forest, but showing degradation

Nursery & Advance Work

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

15

14

39

b) Eco restoration of degraded open forests Type A

Nursery & Advance Work

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

20

20

 

 

53

Type B

Nursery & Advance Work

15

15

 

20

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69

Type C

Nursery & Advance Work

 

 

10

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

SM 2

Shifting Cultivation

Nursery & Advance Work

15

10

 

20

30

 

15

25

25

34

15

20

209

Sub Total

30

25

10

40

49

15

25

38

45

54

30

34

395

Strengthening FD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overheads

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C. Par Microplanning (SS)

PRA exercise in each of the above village

 

 

II.         CAMPA  (Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority):           Since forests are an important natural resource and render a variety of ecological services, it should not be destroyed. However, because of developmental requirements, forests are routinely cut, or, as it are said in official language, “diverted for non-forest purposes. In such cases the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 requires that non-forest land, equal to the size of the forest being “diverted”, is afforested. But still afforested land does not become a forest overnight, there is still a loss of the goods and services that the diverted forest would have provided in the interim period. These goods and services include timber, bamboo, fuelwood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and seed dispersal. Afforested land is expected to take no less than 50 years to start deliverable goods and services. To compensate for the loss in the interim, the law requires that the Net Present Value (NPV of the diverted forest is calculated for the period of 50 years, and recovered from the ‘user agency’ that is ‘diverting’ the forests. ‘user agencies’ are not expected to undertake afforestation work themselves. This work has to be done by the State Government through forest department. But the entire expenditure to be incurred on creating this new forest has to be borne by the user that is for compensatory afforestation a well as NPV.

 

Sl. No.

Particulars

Centre

Unit

Physical

 

1

132 KV line Kakching to Chandel

a)

Compensatory Afforestation

 

 

 

 

Creation of AR

Chelayul lok (Yangenching)

Ha

50

Completed

 

Soil & Moisture Conservation (Contour trenching)

Nungpan and Tampi (25 ha each)

Ha

50

Completed

 

Fencing (Barbed Wire)

Chelayul lok (Yangenching)

Rm

100

Completed

b)

Net Present Value

 

 

 

 

 

Raising of Nursery for Mixed Plantation over 30 ha

Purum Khullen

Ha

30

Completed

 

Creation of Mixed Plantation

Purum Khullen

Ha

30

Completed

 

1st Yr Maintenance of ANR

New Wangparal

Ha

30

Completed

 

Fencing (Barbed Wire)

Division Office  Chandel

Rm

550

Completed

c)

Plantation of dwarf species

 

 

 

 

 

Raising of nursery for dwarf plantation over 2.67 ha

Ziontlang

Ha

2.67

Completed

 

III.       National Bamboo Mission          -           it is a centrally sponsored scheme to promote the growth of bamboo sector. The programmes address four  major areas of bamboo development – Research and development, plantation development, handicrafts development and marketing.

 

SlNo

Name of JFMC

Range

Area

SlNo

Name of JFMC

Range

Area

1

Ziontlang 1

Chandel

6

18

H. Maipi

Tengnoupal

5

2

Ziontlang 2

Chandel

8

19

Tollen

Tengnoupal

7

3

Chandropoto

Chandel

7

20

Moltuk

Moreh

7

4

Purum Khullen

Chandel

7

21

S Lamphei

Moreh

7

5

New Wangparal

Chandel

7

22

Larong Khunou

Moreh

7

6

Purum Chumbang

Chandel

7

23

New Songjang

Moreh

7

7

Keithelmanbi

Chandel

7

24

Khangbarol

Moreh

7

8

Bethel Happyland

Chandel

7

25

Moltuk

Moreh

10

9

Abana

Chandel

5

26

Chakpi-Molbem

Chakpikarong

7

10

Aihang

Chandel

7

27

Salluk

Chakpikarong

7

11

New Wangparal

Chandel

10

28

Barsera

Chakpikarong

5

12

Zoukam

Tengnoupal

7

29

Khusidam

Chakpikarong

5

13

Zoukam

Tengnoupal

10

30

Layang

Chakpikarong

7

14

Ringpam1

Tengnoupal

7

31

Khongnangpheisabi

Chakpikarong

7

15

Ringpam 2

Tengnoupal

7

32

Tayang

Chakpikarong

7

16

Maryland

Tengnoupal

7

33

P. Salem

Chakpikarong

7

17

l. Phaijang

Tengnoupal

5

34

Khongnangpheisabi

Chakpikarong

10

               

IV.      NAP (National Afforestation Programme)           -           is a centrally sponsored scheme with an objective to develop the forest resources with people’s participation, with focus on improvement in livelihoods of the forest fringe communities especially the poor. NAP scheme aims to support and accelerate the on going process of devolving forest protection, management and development functions to decentralised institutions of Joint Forest Management Committee (JFMC) at village level and Forest development Agency (FDA) at the forest Division level.

 

Sl No

Name of JFMC

Aided Natural regeneration

Artificial Regeneration

Mixed Plantation

Perennial Herbs

1

New Songjang

20

 

 

 

2

Moltuk

 

15

 

 

3

Salluk

 

15

 

 

4

Sarang

15

 

 

 

5

Chandropoto

 

20

 

 

6

Purum Khullen

 

 

20

 

7

Lainingkhul

 

 

15

5

8

Ziontlang

 

20

 

 

9

Chayang

15

 

 

 

10

T Lhangnom

20

 

 

 

11

Zougam

 

10

 

 

12

Samukom

 

10

 

 

13

D Chothul

 

 

15

 

 

Total

70

90

50

 

 

 

V.     State Plan         :          

a) Economic Plantation in Reserved Forests.

SlNo

Plantation Centre

Reserved Forest

Range

Area

1

Teiyang

Kangbung RF

Chakpikarong

20

2

Leiyang Khupi

Longya

Chakpikarong

20

3

Khumjang

Yengenching

Chakpikarong

20

4

Selkui

Yengenching

Chakpikarong

20

5

Salluk

Kangbung RF

Chakpikarong

20

6

Cheleyul lok

Yengenching

Chakpikarong

20

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

                b) Departmental Extraction of timber

SlNo

Range

Block

Quantity (cum)

1

Tengnoupal

C-1 Khudei

250

2

Chandel

C-1, Larong

150

3

Chakpikarong

C-1, Aibul Joupi

150

4

Moreh

C-1, Lamphei

200

           

 

c) Raising of Vana mahotsava seedlings for public distribution at Aimol Satu, Pallel= 50,000 seedlings. The species includes Tectona grandis, Gmelina arborea, Parkia roxburghii, Artocarpus integrifolia, Acacia auriculiformis, Paulownia fortunii, Citrus sp, Melia azadirach, Azadiracta indica, Spathodea, Albizzia lebbeck, Callistemon, Mimusops elengi, Cupressus torulosa, Thuja compacta, Delonix regia, Aegle marmelos, Emblica officinalis, Amoora rohituka,Jacaranda, Syzigium cumini, Cinamomum zeylanicum, Tamarindus indica, Chukrassia tabularis, Cedrella toona, Treminalia citrina, etc

 

V. Awareness Programmes

a) 1-Day awareness programme on Control of Forest Fire was held 2nd May, 2016 at DRDA hall, DC Office Complex, Chandel. Dy Commissioner/Chandel Shri Robert Kshetrimayum, NWUC/ Presidemt Smt Lh Bliss Anal ,CNPO Publicity Secretary Shri John Chothe and Divisional Forest Officer, Tengnoupal Forest Division, Chandel Smt Gaithaolu Thaimei graced the function as Chief Guest, Guest of honours and  President respectively. Chiefs and representatives of 43 villages participated the programmes enthusiastically. Media personnel from Sangai express and Poknapham were also present in the function.

 

b) Celebration  of  World  Environment  Day  on  5th  June, 2016 - World Environment Day 2016 was celebrated at Kurkam village in Chandel District Headquarters under the theme “Go Wild for Life organised by Divisional Forest Office, Chandel. Autonomous District Council Chandel – 12 district HQ DCC’s member T S Willingson, 13 Vumku DCC’s member Kanlun Anal, Forest Natural Resources Mangement & Environment Development Council (FNRMEDC) president PS Ngamnung and DFO, Chandel attended as presidium members of the function.  Officials and staffs of the Division, officials of other department including NERCOMP, village chiefs of district HQ, Women folks, Youths and children also attended the observation. Media personnel from DDK Imphal, Sangai express, People’s chronicals and Poknapham were also present in the function.

 

After the function a stretch of 1.5 km village road on both sides was planted by all the participants of the function. The villagers made commitment that they would maintain the seedlings planted.  The Dignitaries along with the participants of the function asserted the importance of healthy and pollution free environment.

 

c) 67th Vanamahotsava 2016on 5th July, 2016 -        Vanamahotsava 2016 was celebrated at Ideal High School, Molnoi under the theme “One Tree One Family” organised by Tengnoupal Forest Division, Chandel. Conservator of Forest, Eastern Circle Shri. A Bonbirdhwaja Singh, District Agriculture Officer, Chandel Shri Y. Shyam Singh, District Horticulture Officer, Shri K. Brojen Singh, Bank Manager, State Bank of India, Chandel Branch Shri Romesh Singh and DFO, Chandel Smt Gaithaolu Thaimei attended as presidium members of the function.  Officials and staffs of the Division, village chiefs of Molnoi area, Women folks, school students of Pallel High School, Corner Stone School, Vunjathang Memorial High School and Nemkhochin High School also attended the observation. Media personnel from DDK Imphal, Sangai express were also present in the function.

 

A Seedling Display cum Distribution Stall was set up displaying different types of Seedlings such as Tectona grandis, Gmelina arborea, Parkia roxburghii, Artocarpus integrifolia, Acacia auriculiformis, Paulownia fortunii, Citrus sp, Melia azadirach, Azadiracta indica, Spathodea, Albizzia lebbeck, Callistemon, Mimusops elengi, Cupressus torulosa, Thuja compacta, Delonix regia, Aegle marmelos, Emblica officinalis, Amoora rohituka,Jacaranda, Syzigium cumini, Cinamomum zeylanicum, Tamarindus indica, Chukrassia tabularis, Cedrella toona, Treminalia citrina, etc. As a major part of the function, Dignitaries as well as participants planted seedlings at the school premises.  The Dignitaries along with the participants of the function asserted the importance of plantation of more trees and the survival of seedlings as well.

 

At the end of the function, seedlings were distributed to all present and encouraged them to plant in suitable places on their own.